It is quite normal for children aged 6 -18 months to experience excessive saliva and drooling/dribbling, until oral-motor function is developed. Children aged 4 years and older who still experience drooling, may do so due to Cerebral Palsy, or other neurological impairments. A small group of children, with no other medical condition, may continue to drool up to the age of 6 years. The problem is not normally overproduction of saliva but inefficient voluntary swallowing. These children may not be aware of their dribbling, have difficulties with their sensory systems or oral motor control.
Why is saliva so important?
Saliva lubricates the tongue and lips during speech
Saliva lubricates food to assist with chewing and forming a bolus for swallowing
Saliva cleanses the teeth and gums and assists with oral hygiene
Saliva facilitates taste & regulates acidity in the oesophagus
Strategies to reduce excessive drooling:
Teach the concepts of ‘wet’ and ‘dry’.
Encourage your child to tap their lips and tell you if their lips are ‘wet’ or ‘dry’.
Teach your child to pat dry their lips or to swallow if lips are wet. You might need to model an exaggerated ‘slurpy’ sounding swallow to demonstrate.
Praise your child when their lips are ‘dry’ and when your child identifies ‘wet’ lips or chin and swallows.
Provide your child with a bib or towelling arm band (depending on the age of the child) to assist in patting lips and chin dry.
Play games with the lips to encourage lip closure.
Patterned bibs often hide drool more than plain coloured bibs.
It is important to refer children over 4 years of age who dribble excessively to a Speech Pathologist for a thorough investigation of oral motor skills.
Receptive language is the ability to understand words and language. It involves gaining information from and understanding the environment, including understanding sounds, visual information, words and instructions.
In young children, receptive language involves understanding concepts such as colour, size, shape, time and grammar.
What is a receptive language delay/disorder?
A receptive language delay/disorder is a learning disorder that affects a child’s ability to understand spoken words and/or expressive language. A receptive language delay can lead to difficulties communicating with others and often presents as academic problems in school age children.
What do receptive language difficulties look like in children?
If your child is experiencing receptive language difficulties they may:
be unable to follow directions that other children their age can
not answer questions appropriately
have difficulty attending & listening to stories
not pay attention when sitting in a group
respond to questions by repeating what has been said
struggle with literacy at school
present with behaviour problems
How can I help my child improve their receptive language skills?
Use visuals such as pictures or signs to help with understanding.
Try to be face to face when talking to your child.
Play games, read books, describe what’s happened, sing songs with your child.
Limit background noise (turn off the TV), when engaging with your child to limit distractions.
Use simple sentences when talking to your child.
Be specific with instructions eg. do X then do Y.
Observe & engage your child in play & describe what they are doing (your driving the big red truck).
Activities that can help to develop receptive language skills
Teach your child a new word everyday – it can be from a book you have read.
Demonstrate &explain new concepts – big /little /fast /slow /under /over.
Use dramatic playactivities (dress ups, cooking, hospitals) to develop oral and receptive language.
Play “Simon Says” – practice giving and following directions, gradually add to the length of the command.
Read books to your child everyday – label the pictures, take turns asking questions, try to guess what will happen next
Label items in the environment (when driving, gardening, shopping) to expand vocabulary skills.
If your child has difficulties understanding words and following directions, it is recommended they see a Speech Pathologist.
If you have concerns about your child’s receptive language skills, Speech Moves can conduct a comprehensive assessment identifying strengths, weaknesses & goals for intervention if needed.
Contact us today to start your speech pathology journey.
Although all children develop at different rates, this is the average age that 75% of children achieve accurate speech sound production of specific sounds.
In Australian English, sounds are grouped together based on their place, manner, and voicing.
Place of articulation – where the sound is made?
Manner of articulation – howthe sound is made?
Voicing – is the sound voiced or unvoiced?
Place refers to where a sound is made in the mouth e.g. the ‘b’ sound is made with only the lips.
Manner is the type of sound made. In Australian English, we have the following:
Plosives: (or ‘stops’) /b/, /p’/, /t/, /d/, /k/ and /g/
Fricatives: /f/, /v/, “th”, /s/, /z/, /sh/, ‘“zh” and /h/
Affricates: /ch/ and /j/
Nasals: /m/, /n/ and ‘ng’
Liquids: /l/ and /r/
Glides: ‘y’ and /w/
Voicing refers to whether the vocal folds vibrate (voiced sound) or not (voiceless sound) when making a sound.
When sounds are emerging, children’s speech production may include omissions (sun – ‘un’), substitutions (cat – ‘tat’) or inconsistent productions.
Parents can facilitate speech sound development by exposing children to emerging sounds in games and books and naturally providing models when sound substitutions occur (p, p, pop).
If your child’s speech/sound development is not following the typical developmental path, an assessment by a speech therapist may be needed. Our experienced clinicians are available to answer any questions you may have.
Tricia Linstrom CPSP MSPAA
Adapted from Shriberg’s Order of Speech-Sound Acquisition
Speech Moves offers person-centred Telehealth services utilising current evidence-based practice.
Telehealth intervention is delivered through a platform called ‘Coviu’. ‘Coviu’ is a safe & secure platform that encrypts all audio and video data, ensuring the call cannot be listened to or recorded. Session lengths are dependent on the client’s needs and goals. Families will need a computer, Ipad or digital device with a reliable internet connection.
Current research supports the many benefits of using Telehealth:
Telehealth offers families the ability to have more timely, supported and regular access to the Speech Pathologist.
Telehealth is a great way to engage with shy clients who may be a little anxious, by incorporating their interests and increasing engagement.
Telehealth services enable access for children living in rural and remote areas.
Telehealth services allow for the child’s multidisciplinary team to communicate regularly.
Telehealth services offer a great opportunity to coach families to implement therapy-based activities in the child’s natural environment.
Telehealth services allow regular speech intervention to continue due to any other unforeseen circumstance.
Telehealth sessions may incorporate the use of real-time conferencing, telephone, email, apps, instant messenger, photo’s or audio clips.
Telehealth sessions are often supported by the child’s parent, older sibling or carer to achieve optimal engagement from the child.
Speech Moves supports families to critically analyse situations & technology issues to identify the best fit and use of technology.
Contact us if Telehealth services sound like a good fit for your family.